The Choice Disability trial includes three interventions in communities, allocated randomly across the 77 sites in the three countries of the trial, according to a factorial design, so that communities receive the interventions alone or in combination. Some (control) communities do not receive any of the trial interventions.

The three interventions are all intended to address issues of gender violence and choice disability in relation to HIV, thus reducing the rate of new HIV infections, particularly among young women. We do not know how the interventions might work together; they use different mechanisms so there might be useful synergy between them. The trial design allows us to test this possibility.

The three interventions in the trial are:

In addition to these three trial interventions, we are also examining the possible interaction (positive or negative) with the campaigns to encourage safe male circumcision (SMC) in the three countries. In a randomly-chosen proportion of the sites receiving one or more of the three interventions, the trial fieldworkers have amplified the general government campaign on SMC, by disseminating leaflets and other campaign materials within the sites. The Choice Disability trial does not itself include the offer of SMC. However, the baseline survey for the trial allowed us to measure knowledge and attitudes about SMC as well as the proportion of young men already circumcised at that time. We have published a paper about the findings.


Choice disability campaign

Young women in Swaziland set up a choice disability campaign in their community. Read More

Drama groups competition

Service providers in Botswana get together to organise a drama group competition in their village.
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Community feast

A group of young women in Namibia organise a community feast to celebrate their enterprise.
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BVV community groups

FW enterprises