This cluster randomised controlled trial tests interventions to reduce the effects of choice disability, aiming to reduce gender violence and HIV infection rates, particularly among young women. The primary outcome measure is HIV infection among young women aged 15-29 years. Secondary outcomes include rates of gender violence, risky sexual behaviours, and relevant attitudes and beliefs.

Following a baseline survey in 2008, 77 communities in Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland were randomly allocated to receive one or more of three interventions, alone or in combination, or no interventions. The three interventions are an educational docudrama; a programme to support and empower young women; and work to help local services become aware of and better serve the needs of the choice disabled. The impact survey for the trial took place in late 2012 and results are expected in the first half of 2013.




Choice disability campaign

Young women in Swaziland set up a choice disability campaign in their community. Read More

Drama groups competition

Service providers in Botswana get together to organise a drama group competition in their village.
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Community feast

A group of young women in Namibia organise a community feast to celebrate their enterprise.
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BVV community groups

FW enterprises