Implementation 2008 baseline survey

2008 baseline survey

Prior to randomising clusters to interventions for the Choice Disability Trial, we undertook a baseline survey in all the sites. Trained fieldworkers in each country (Botswana, Namibia, and Swaziland) interviewed young women and men aged 15-29 in households in representative clusters (enumeration areas): 25 each in Botswana and Swaziland and 27 in Namibia. In each cluster they interviewed approximately 100 young men and women; about 7,300 in total.

After securing informed, signed consent from each person (or a parent for those under 18 years), each fieldworker obtained a finger prick blood sample to create dried blood spots (DBS) for anonymous HIV testing and administered the questionnaire. A short video helped in training the fieldworkers to obtain the blood samples. The questionnaire, translated into the appropriate local language, covered attitudes and practices about gender violence and HIV, including information on sexual behaviour, forced sex, and male circumcision.

A CIET fieldworker interviews a woman as part of the 2008 baseline survey in Namibia

A CIET fieldworker interviews a woman as part of the 2008 baseline survey in Namibia

Double data entry, with validation of discordant entries to minimise key stroke errors, created an electronic database of questionnaire responses. The National Institute for Communicable Diseases  in Johannesburg analysed the DBS samples for HIV antibodies. Barcode labels linked the HIV test results to individual questionnaire records.

Analysis of the findings from the baseline survey led to publications about choice disability and HIV status and about knowledge and attitudes about male circumcision.

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